Owain Glyndwr

In March 1406 Owain Glyndŵr summoned his nobles and clerics to Pennal  In the discussion, mainly led by Glyndŵr's impressive Chancellor and Archdeacon of Merioneth Gruffydd Young, it was agreed to ask for French support in the movement towards Welsh independence. 

In a letter written to Charles V1 King of France dated 31 March 1406, now known as The Pennal Letter, - it was demanded that in return for support for the French Pope instead of the Roman, the Avignon Pope would grant authority of the Metropolitan Church of St David over the other dioceses of Wales (and over five in England);  that appointments to benefices in Wales were to be restricted to clerics who “could speak our language”; that English monasteries and colleges would no longer take over Welsh churches; that two studia generalia (Universities) were to be established in Wales; that Henry of Lancaster was to be excommunicated; and that the insurgents were to receive full remission for any sins they might commit in their struggle against Henry. The emphasis on independence through the church and learning is known as The Pennal Policy

The Pennal Letter, carried to France by Hywel Eddoyer and Maurice Kerry, is considered a momentous part of Welsh history. Although the National University of Wales did not come into being until 1893, and the Church in Wales was not established until 1920, the dream had been born in Pennal.  

Further details are in the Church Guide.

© Richard Vroom 2016